There are many Characteristics for a second generation computer. Advantage of the fifth generation. CHARACTERISTICS 1) The fifth generation computers will use super large scale integrated chips. Multi-processor based system: Currently we use one processor per CPU though there are special computers already in use with parallel computing but those are very limited and not complete. Very large scale integration is a process where a thousand transistors are combined into a chip to create an integrated circuit. Speed; Computers work at an incredible speed. 3) The speed, accuracy and reliability of the computers were improved in fourth generation computers. Leaning to the future, computers will be radically transformed again by quantum computation, molecular and nano technology. Advantages of Fifth Generation of Computers: The fifth generation of the computer is much faster than four generation of computers. It can be defined in many different ways. Things have been created that would have been down right unimaginable to those from say generations 1 and 2. 2) They are the cheapest among all the computer generation. The first generation computers were developed during 1943-1958. All types of high-level language can be used in this type of computers. FIFTH GENERATION. The fifth generation of computers was invented in 1980 till today. Use high performance multi processor system. Treleaven, I. Gouveia Lima / Fifth generation computers such a fifth generation computer each processor forms part of the computer address space and, if it has memory, stores a contiguous part of the program structure. o They will be able to recognize image and graphs. First Generation Computer (1945-1955) Fig: First Generation Computer source: web.york.cuny.edu. Although this is still in development, there have some application like voice recognition was being to use. They used the very large scale integrated (VLSI) circuits, which developed from small integrated circuits. CHARACTERISTICS o The fifth generation computers will use super large scale integrated chips. It is based on the technique of Artificial Intelligence (AI). 3) They will be able to recognize image and graphs. o They will have artificial intelligence. The fifth generation is essentially about a new super-breed of computers. The term fifth generation was stretched out to convey the system as being a leap beyond […] The Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) was an initiative by Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), begun in 1982, to create computers using massively parallel computing and logic programming.It was to be the result of a massive government/industry research project in Japan during the 1980s. Computers would be smaller and different from the current computers. For the concept of fifth generation computing devices, there are almost based on the artificial intelligence. Fifth Generation Computer: Fifth generation computers are in designing mode with Artificial Intelligence technology. The advance in machinery has very much furthered in recent decades. Fifth Generation Computers (Present & Beyond) Scientists are working hard on the 5 th generation computers with quite a few breakthroughs. Fifth generation computers. Fifth generation computers are mainly future computers. Use knowledge based problem solving techniques. The Fifth Generation Computers special characteristics are as follows: Use intelligent programming. Computers can understand spoken words & imitate human reasoning. The transistor was invented in 1947 but did not see widespread use in computers until the late 1950s. In the following 8 points you get all the important characteristics of a Second generation computer and if you know some other important […] It has several improvements such as Artificial Intelligence. The aim of these computers is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self-organization. The idea is that fifth-generation computers of the future can understand spoken words that can mimic human reasoning. These computers will be able to think and take decisions. Introduction of fifth generation computers Fifth generation computers are the future generation computers. Fourth generation computers also saw the development of GUIs, the mouse and handheld devices. The computers of 1990s are said to be fifth generation computers. The major applications will go to install in fifth generation computers those are voice reorganization techniques and parallel processing techniques. The revolutionary parallel processing is being used in the new breed of computers in place … a lots of research is going on for the fifth generation computers . 282 P.C. Air conditioning is required in many cases due to the presence of ICs. The idea of fifth generation computer was introduced by Japan’s Ministry of International Trade and Industry in 1982. A computer that exhibits artificial intelligence (AI). They use the Ultra Large Scale Integration (ULSI) technologies which lead to the production of microprocessor chips. The following would be the characteristics of the sixth generation computers. Transistors replaced vacuum tubes and ushered in the second generation of computers. In computers address space 1 2 u n generalurpose specialurpose Fig. Every generation of computers has its characteristics. 1) The fourth generation computers have microprocessor-based systems. See computer generations, AI and Turing test. Compare the distinctions between first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation of computers. These advancements allowed computer users to keep better control of their records and triggered the increase of computer use in day-to-day business operations. Fifth Generation Of Computer: Artificial Intelligence (2010 — Present) The fifth generation of the computer is based on artificial intelligence and still in development. The essence of fifth generation will be using these technologies to ultimately create machines which can process and respond to natural language, and have capability to learn and organise themselves. Fourth Generation Computer (1972 onward) Fifth Generation Computer (Present and future) 1.) In that generation, computer will possess artificial intelligence and it would be able to take self decisions like a human being. Certain characteristics of computer interaction can make computers well suited for distance learning. I haven give all the important Characteristics of second generation computers that I collected through different books, medias etc as different points below. A fifth generation computer is said to do parallel processing of several operations through opening of a number of windows, (opening of a number of windows is done in the UNIX system, and not in the DOS system). The Characteristics of Computers in the Future. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop devices that can respond to the input of natural language and are capable of learning and organizing themselves. The computers have advanced features such as speech recognition. 3.5 Fifth Generation (Present and Beyond) Artificial Intelligence. A fifth generation (programming) language (5GL) is a grouping of programming languages build on the premise that a problem can be solved, and an application built to solve it, by providing constraints to the program (constraint-based programming), rather than specifying algorithmically how the problem is to be solved (imperative programming). The notebook computers are considered as the family of laptop. Example of fifth generation computers are Notebook, Laptop, Desktop, Ultra book, Chrome book, and many more. Let us discuss them briefly. Fifth generation computers are based on Artificial Intelligence. Image Source: Intel Timeline (PDF) Fifth Generation: Artificial Intelligence (Present and Beyond) Advance technology is required to make the ICs. the major shortcoming in the earlier generation was lack of thinking power . It used vacuum tubes as the active electronic components and was therefore very large. The fifth generation computers will be under Artificial-Intelligence. Artificial Intelligence is being built into the computer. o Fifth generation computer aims to be able to solve highly complex problem including decision making, logical reasoning. The fourth generation of computers was introduced in 1971. It also comes with different sensors … Whereas, these computers smaller and give fast results as compared with other generation computers. The shape is tailored its uses. These computers are mainly used for web browsing. Many characteristics of computers changed over time, including size, performance, components, speed, storage, and interface. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. Introduction: The period of the fifth generation in 1980-onwards. Disadvantages: The Microprocessor design and fabrication are very complex. Of course some modern computers also belong to this generation. The transistor was far superior to the vacuum tube, allowing computers to become smaller, faster, cheaper, more energy-efficient and more reliable than their first-generation predecessors. 5. Following are some of the characteristics of fifth generation computers. Have easy human computer interfaces. Illustration of a fifth generation computer. Those may be useful to the nano technology, quantum technology and etc. They are fast in terms of execution of a program on the computer. Fifth Generation (1986 -till date) : Super computer The characteristics of computers that have made them so powerful and universally useful are speed, accuracy, diligence, versatility and storage capacity. The fifth generation of computing is supposedly comprised of today's very modern and advanced computer technology. The notebook computers become popular from recent time (since 2007). CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FOURTH GENERATION COMPUTER . It uses VLSI (Very Large Scale Integrated) circuits. SCOPE OF COMPUTER. So, A computer can be a pen, watch, etc. Second-generation computers were the first to feature tools such as printers, disk storage and operating systems, which was often used for financial operations. Characteristics of Fifth Generation of Computers. The history of computing is generally divided into four generations with an alleged fifth generation on her way. The computers of this generation are more reliable and work faster than previous computers. Intel's first microprocessor, the 4004, was conceived by Ted Hoff and Stanley Mazor. We are entering the fifth generation. The fifth generation of computers was invented by James Maddox who created a parallel computing system. 3. fifth generation will be developed soon. 4) Fifth generation computer aims to be able to solve highly complex … It is evident that the next generation of computer i.e. The fifth generation of computers is the most recent generation of the computers being developed. 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