The seed is endospermic. Euphorbia hirta, E. thymifolia, E. helioscopica, E. peplus; E. heterophylla, E. cristata, E. elegans; Phyllanthus niruri, Croton sp., Acalypha indica, etc., are annual or prennial herbs. E. splendens; A small climbing shrub; native of Madagascar. A cosmopolitan family, except Antarctica, but most diverse in tropical regions and often abundant in low to medium altitudes. (Photo  : GN). Croton tigllium; (Verna-Jamalgota)-A shrub or small tree, native of South East Asia but cultivated in Assam, Bengal and South India. 6. In many Euphorbia sp., the stems become fleshy, green and cactus like in appearance. genus Croton (tropical shrubs … Share Your PDF File 5 petals, polypetalous, twisted aestivation. In the desert regions of Africa and elsewhere the family is represented by cactus-like plants of different species of Euphorbia. The Euphorbiaceae is a very large, widely distributed family including around 300 genera and 7700 species, mainly non-succulent herbs, shrubs and trees found in temperate, sub-tropical and tropical climates. One of the largest genera of flowering plants is Euphorbia with approximately 2,000 species. Ricinus communis; (Eng.-castor-oil plant; Verna-Arand)-A small tree, cultivated chiefly in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Orissa. 29. scrub, woodland and forest, grassland, arid regions and desert. The Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) is a large family of flowering plants with 300 genera and around 7,500 species. Lal patta. The fruits are edible. Cultivated as an ornamental. Kiganelia reticulate; Syn. The latex is used medicinally in several ways. Winner of the Standing Ovation Award for “Best PowerPoint Templates” from Presentations Magazine. Class: Dicotyledonae, Sub-class: Monochlamydeae, Series: Unisexuales, Family: Euphorbiaceae. The soft wood is used for light wooden doors, planks and even canoes. 3. Welcome to BiologyDiscussion! The bracts are being arranged like a perianth. Baccaurea courtallensis: Found in the Western Ghats. Emblica officinalis; Syn. Euphorbiaceae is an important family which contains numerous medicinal plants. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Fruit is a capsule covered with soft prickles that contains three hard, shiny, brown seeds. This short article about biology can be made longer. Latex is often present. The plants of this family are found throughout the world. Euphorbia tirucalli, (Verna.-Tohar)-Succulent spineless small tree, native of Africa. What is the significance of transpiration? Inflorescence-special, cyathium, bracts red and leaf-like, male flowers surround the female flower. Many herbaceous species also grow in temperate and moderately cold zones (except the arctic and antarctic). 14. Mallotus philippinensis- (Verna.-Kamala, Rauni)-A small tree found commonly in Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Orissa. Most are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are also shrubs or trees. 34. Family : Synonym(s): Common Name(s): spurge [English] euphorbes [French] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted ... Euphorbiaceae : Other Source(s): Source: ITIS* ca, website (version 2002) Acquired: 2003 : Notes: Reference for: euphorbes[French] Source: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, 2011, website (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, … Alternate, simple, petiolate, broad, palmately lobed, lobes usually 7-9, serrate, multicostate reticulate venation. 3 to few or more, membranous, caducous, spathaceous, valvate aestivation. Muchas Euphorbiaceas tienen hojas más o menos de este forma, pero en realidad no hay características vegetativas útiles para la identificación de esta familia. The female flower consists of gynoecium only. The flowers are always unisexual. In the desert regions of Africa and elsewhere the family is represented by cactus-like plants of different species of Euphorbia. The roots are used for poisoning fish and birds. The flowers are typically unisexual and are borne in a characteristic cluster known as a cyathia. After reading this article you will learn about: 1. 12. Oil is extracted from the seeds of many species in this family, e.g. A very large and diverse family that has recently been divided into a number of different families. Phyllanthus leucopyrus; Flueggea leucopyrus (Verna.- Hartho)-A large shrub or small tree, found in Uttar Pradesh, the Punjab, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. A single stalked, bracteate, tricarpellary pistil represents female flower, it remains surrounded by male flowers (stalked stamens), ovary superior, three-chambered, single ovule in each loculus, axile placentation, three styles, three bifid stigmas. Bentham and Hooker have included nine families in the series Unisexuales. Erect, usually un-branched (sometimes branched), herbaceous, cylindrical, solid, covered with yellow crisped hairs. Stem: Herbaceous and fleshy; sPiny; Leaver Sessile or petiolate; alternate; simple; there is general tendency of reduction in leaves. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, ovary superior, trilocular, covered with spiny outgrowths, axile placentation, single large ovlue in each locule, three styles, three bifid stigmas. Some, such as Euphorbia canariensis, are succulent and resemble cacti because of convergent evolution. Euphorbia fruticosa. There are about 283 genera and 7,300 species in this family. Hypernyms ("Euphorbiaceae" is a kind of...): rosid dicot family (a family of dicotyledonous plants). Erect, herbaceous, branched, rough, latex present, solid, cylindrical. In Croton and Ricinus the flowers are arranged in terminal racemes. Simple, opposite, superposed, sub-sessile (short petiole), acute, oblong, lanceolate, serrulate, stipulate, stipules caducous, unicostate reticulate venation. Sometimes anemophily is also found. Hevea brasiliensis; (Eng.-Para rubber; Verna.-Rabar) – A tall tree; native of Brazil;, now grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and North-Eastern Assam. Family Euphorbiaceae as traditionally delimited (Euphorbiaceae s.l., Webster 1994) is one of the largest families of flowering plants, composed of over 300 genera and 8,000 species. How do they work? 8. The bark, leaves and green fruits are used as tan. Quite the same Wikipedia. Meronyms (members of "Euphorbiaceae"): Euphorbia; genus Euphorbia (type genus of the Euphorbiaceae: very large genus of diverse plants all having milky juice). Majority of the members of the family possess large laticiferous vessels which contain latex. 6. The fruits are edible and the leaves are used as fodder. The bark is used for tanning. The leaves are edible. 4, minute sepaloid perianth leaves, polyphyllous, valvate aestivation. Habit: Annual perennial Herbs, shrubs, or tree; most of plants are xerophytic; presence of milky juice. The plants can be dominant in some ecosystems. It is also used for transparent soap, textile soap, typewriter-inks, perfume, aromatics, varnishes and paints. Schizocarpic regma, opening into three cocci. 5 stamens, each stamen profusely branched, anther cells borne on ultimate branchlets, anthers basifixed. In Britain only two genera, i.e., Euphorbia and Mercurialis are found, which are represented by sixteen and two species respectively. The wood yields excellent charcoal. In Jatropha the inflorescence is of cymose type and the flowers are arranged in terminal cymes. 25. The sp., of Trewia and Bridelia bear drupe fruit. Found in a wide variety of habitats, e.g. The juice is also used for remedy of ringworms and other skin diseases. The nuts are made in rosaries. Up to the Kingdom Euphorbiaceae, spurge family of flowering plants (order Malpighiales), containing some 6,745 species in 218 genera. In many Euphorbias the leaves are scaly and caducous. Systematic position. 3 stamens, polyandrous, filaments short, borne on a short column. … In our country the family is represented by several genera such as, Euphorbia, Ricinus, Phyllanthus, Croton, Pedilanthus, Manihot. Croton aromaticus; An aromatic shrub or small tree found in Andhra Pradesh produces a gum-resin, which is used in varnishes. The bark, leaves and fruits are used in dyeing and tanning. They are much reduced and may be monoecious or dioecious. [citation needed] Most [citation needed] spurges are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees.Some are succulent and resemble cacti because of convergent evolution. Diagnostic characters . Each locule contains one or two pendulous, anatropous ovules. The writing and printing-papers are made of the wood-pulp. Racemose, raceme, male flowers on the upper portion, female flowers on the lower portion of inflorescence. Plants often with watery or milky sap . In Ricinus communis the calyx is present and the corolla absent. The flowers are incomplete, regular, actinomorphic and hypogynous. Securinega leucopyrus; Syn. Usually entomophilous, i.e., through the agency of insects. Family Euphorbiaceae, Genus Ricinus. Euphorbia ammak “Variegata” Euphorbia bupleurifolia. Many stems possess spines. Pedicellate, unisexual, monoecious, enclosed within minute involucre of bracts forming cupular structure. Havea brasiliensist (rubber tree) is a large tree 60 to 100 feet in height and 8-12 feet in girth. 19. South African members mostly succulent. Alternate, long petiolate, stipulate, rhomboid ovate, serrate obtuse, multicostate reticulate venation. It may be cylindrical, angular or flat. The form and position of leaves are variable. What is a mushroom shaped gland? The wood is extremely resistant to water effect and therefore, largely utilized in the construction of bridges and boats. Numerous species that originate from the temperate regions have become invasive. Baliospermum montanum; (Verna-Danti)-The seeds are used as a strong purgative. In Jatropha sp., both calyx and corolla are present. Euphorbia royleana- (Verna.-Thar)-The plants are used in hedges. In Ricinus sp., usually five stamens are present, each stamen is profusely branched. Phyllanthus emblica; (Verna.-Amla)- A common tree with edible fruits. 7. 10 stamens, arranged in two whorls of five each, monadelphous, anthers dorsifixed. 24. 8. The roots are the source of a red dye. Euphorbia globosa × obesa. Acalypha wilkesiana- (Eng. Euphorbia canariensis. In our country the family is represented by several genera such as, Euphorbia, Ricinus, Phyllanthus, Croton, Pedilanthus, etc. 5. Chrozophora prostrata (Verna-Subali)-The root ashes are given to the children for cough treatment. Introduction to EUPHORBIACEAE - the castor family. Manihot esculenta; Syn. Cosmopolitan, mainly in tropics, but excluded from Antarctica. Share Your PPT File. divided into 8 major tribes ; consists of 300 species and over 5000 genera ; Euphorbia, the type genus is not a typical member due to extreme simplicity of flws. Fruit mostly a dry capsule , seed sometimes with fleshy caruncle �. In few cases the leaves are replaced by cladodes. Deals with ethnomedicinal significance of few plants of family Euphorbiaceae.It has recently been divided into four families, according to classification systems based on molecular phylogeny: Family Euphorbiaceae; 13 Classification. The perianth consists of 4 to 5 petals. The fruits are edible. The family Euphorbiaceae has approximately 3,000 genera, with more than 7,000 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical regions. Here is a full taxonomy of the family Euphorbiaceae, according to the most recent molecular research. What we do. 35. Acalypha, Bridelia, Clutia, Croton, Dalechampia, Euphorbia, Jatropha, Monadenium, Phyllanthus, Sapium, Spirostachys, Tragia. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Pedilanthus sp., and Jatropha sp., are shrubby plants. The seed oil is used for manufacturing candles, soaps and as a lubricant and for illumination. In Manihot the flowers are being arranged in racemes. It is an antidote for snake bite. In many Euphorbia sp., they are represented by glands or spines. Monoecious, actinomorphic, unisexual, incomplete, bracteate. The decoction of leaves is used in asthma. Erect, branched, herbaceous, solid cylindrical, hairy. Yeast: Origin, Reproduction, Life Cycle and Growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread Made Step by Step? However, they are not found in arctic regions. Bentham and Hooker have included the Euphorbiaceae along with other eight families including Urticaceae and Casuarinaceae in their seventh series—the Unisexuales of class Dicotyledones, and division Monochlamydeae or Incomplete. The number of stamens varies from one to many. The spurge family takes its name from the genus Euphorbia that includes many choice succulent plants of interest to the collector. Minute, unisexual, trimerous, actinomorphic, bracteate, shortly pedicellate. A fair number of Euphorbs have leaves of this general shape, but there are really no good vegetative characters for the family. Cassava is a major staple food in the developing world providing a basic diet for about 500 million people. Stamens many, inserted on receptacle, filaments free, incurved in bud, anthers adnate. EUPHORBIACEAE Family. Poinsettia pulcherrima’, Eng-Poinsettia; (Verna.-Lal Patta)-A shrub, native of Central America. Baccaurea sapida- (Verna-Lathua)-Found in Assam, Bengal and Andaman Islands The fruits are edible. Anatomical characters particularly useful for classification include wood structure, laticifer type, trichomes, and stomata. According to Hutchinson this is the thirty fifth order of the phylum Angiospermae, sub phylum Dicotyledones and division Lignosae. How to say Euphorbiaceae in English? 16. 28. Euphorbia aeruginosa. Most spurges such as Euphorbia paralias are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees, such as Hevea brasiliensis. Hura crepitans L., a tree in the Euphorbiaceae. castor oil (*Ricinus communis). Grown in gardens as ornamental. It is universal in distribution, but specifically well presented in Africa and South America . 20. What are the general characters of bryophytes? M. utilissima; (Eng.-Tapioca; Verna.-Sakarkand)- A small shrub; native of Brazil, now grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Phyllanthus acidus; Averrhoa acida; (Eng.-Stargoose-berry; Verna.- Hariphul)- A small tree cultivated in Bengal and South India for the edible fruits. World's Best PowerPoint Templates - CrystalGraphics offers more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Ricinus communis (Arand) is a tall annual and becomes small tree-like in habit. Calyx 5; corolla mostly or sometimes absent. The bark is also used as a tan. The juice of the plant is also used as a strong purgative. Many species with glands where the lamina and petiole meet (e.g. In Euphorbia, the inflorescence is peculiar but very characteristic and known as cyathium. An Overview on Family – Chenopodiaceae | Botany, An Overview on Family – Amarantnaceae | Botany, An Overview on Family- Papilionaceae |Botany. Euphorbia horrida “Monstrosa” Euphorbia ingens. Fruit-capsule. What are complement proteins? Statistics are at the bottom of the page. 5 or 4, membranous, polysepalous, green, inferior, valvate aestivation. Species of the genus Tragia are tropical climbers. Such type of fruit is termed regma which is characteristic of Ricinus sp. The inflorescence varies greatly. According to the latter author, the family is very diverse in range, composed of all sorts of plants ranging from large woody trees through climbing lianas to simple weeds that grow prostrate to the ground. Oil also used as biodiesel. 4. General characters. The stem is branched. Pronunciation of Euphorbiaceae with 3 audio pronunciations, 3 synonyms, 2 meanings, 4 translations, 4 sentences and more for Euphorbiaceae. 5 petals, polypetalous, 5 glands opposite sepals, valvate aestivation. (Photo: GN). Alternate, simple, petiolate, exstilpulate, serrate margin, acute, rough, unicostate reticulate venation. Answer Now and help others. In Euphorbia the perianth is absent or represented by tiny scaly structures. The 3 first ones are uni-ovulate families while the 2 last one are bi-ovulate. Usually the leaves are stipulate. Phyllanthus reticulatus; (Verna.-Panjoli)- A climbing shrub, commonly found in Northern India. 27. Hypogynous; actinomorphic; unisexual; petals usually absent, if present sometimes quite sympetalous (Jatropha)-, syncarpous with 1-2 ovules pendulous from the inner angle; stamens various; seeds often with a conspicuous caruncle; endosperms mostly copious; stipules mostly present. In many cases the leaves are reduced to spines. The order consists of a single family, i.e., the Euphorbiaceae which has been described in the present text in detail. Euphorbia pulcherrima, E. splendens, are beautiful shrubs. General characteristics: Mostly shrubs or trees but also some herbaceous species are found in this family. Jatropha gossypifolia L. Vernat Bherenda: Erect, branched, solid, cylindrical, woody, hairy, gland dotted. Euphorbia milii; Syn. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The red dye, obtained from the surface of the fruits, is used for dyeing silk. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Tap and branched. Usually the leaves are simple but in some they are deeply incised, e.g., Ricinus, Manihot, etc. Where are the pollen grains formed in the flower? The leaves, fruits and stone of fruits are used medicinally in colds and fevers. In Euphorbia a single stalked stamen represents a single male flower. Just better. The arrangement is usually alternate but sometimes they are opposite, e.g., Euphorbia hirta. -Garden Acalypha). This complex family previously comprising 5 subfamilies: the Acalyphoideae, the Crotonoideae, the Euphorbioideae, the Phyllanthoideae and the Oldfieldioideae. In this contribution it is treated in a very broad and liberal sense to include the Phyllanthaceae, Picrodendraceae and Putranjivaceae. A red dye, obtained from the bark is used to stain rattan baskets. Also used medicinally to remove thread worms and Ascaris. Trees, shrubs, herbs, climbers or twiners and succulents. The placenation is axile. The family Euphorbiaceae appears to be monophyletic, despite proposals for segregate families. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments. The floral formulae of different genera are as follows: 1. The below mentioned article provides an overview on Euphorbiales; Family—Euphorbiaceae. The fruits are edible. Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a earthquake pdf download large family of.Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family is a significant family of angiosperms is. They dehisce either by apical pores or by transverse or longitudinal slits. The species of Xylophylla possess flat phylloclades. 4. 3 – 4 sepaloid perianth leaves, polyphyllous, imbricate aestivation. A few important plants have been described here in semi-technical language: Economic Importance of the Family – Euphorbiaceae: The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Only cross- pollination takes place. In many the stamens are indefinite, e.g., Croton. In Euphorbia sp., each male flower is represented by a single stalked stamen. Erect, cylindrical, branched, solid, and glabrous. Un árbol. 9. Leaves alternate with bracts . Female flower – represented by a tricarpellary stalked gynoecium, syncarpous, superior, trilocular, one ovule in each locule, axile, style short, stigmas 3 bifid. Panjoli: Erect, branched, herbaceous, green, solid, cylindrical 1/2 to 2 feet in height. Euphorbiaceae The family Euphorbiaceae is in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). In Acalypha indica the perianth is represented by four minute sepaloid petals. In Euphorbia hirta both the whorls of calyx and corolla are absent. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, ovary superior, three chambered, each loculus having two ovules, axile placentation, stigma trifid. In Ricinus caruncle develops from the micropyle. The fruit is very rich in vitamin C. 31. Most spurges are herbs, but some, especially in the tropics, are shrubs or trees. Some of the important ones are given below: 2. The Hindus believe that if the hard stones of the fruits are made into rosaries and placed around the neck of the children, they keep them in good health. In common English, they are sometimes called euphorbias, which is also the name of a genus in the family. 33. 13. Male flower-represented by a single jointed stamen, anther dithecous, basifixed introrse. Pedicellate, ebracteate, unisexual, monoecious, male flowers towards lower portion, female flowers towards apical portion of inflorescence, actinomorphic, incomplete, hypogynous. 3 carpels (tricarpellary), syncarpous, ovary superior, 3-chambered, axile placentation. The bark is used as a tan. Cleistanthus collinus’ (Verna-Garari)-A small tree, found in Tamil Nadu, Malabar, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. Bentham and Hooker have included the Euphorbiaceae along with other eight families including Urticaceae and Casuarinaceae in their seventh series—the Unisexuales of class Dicotyledones, and division Monochlamydeae or Incomplete. Euphorbia bupleurifolia × susannae. Euphorbiaceae or the spurge family is one of the largest and genetically diverse plant family with nearly 322 genera and 8,910 species, ranging from large woody trees to simple weeds (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011) and includes economically important species like Jatropha curcas, Manihot esculenta (cassava), Ricinus communis (castor bean) and Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree) (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011). Euphorbia family. Emblica fischeri; A small tree, found in South India. Hallier included the family Euphorbiaceae in his Passionales, Rendle and Hutchinson placed the family in the order Euphorbiales. The name Spurge comes from the Latin word espurge meaning to purge, due to its use as a laxative. They are Euphorbiaceae, Balanopseae, Urticaceae, Plantanaceae, Leitnerieae, Juglandeae, Myricaceae, Casuarineae and Cupuliferae. Pedicellate, bracteate, unisexual, incomplete, hypogynous. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? Many members are important food sources. The fruits are also used in diarrhoea and dysentery. Euphorbiaceae – Characters , formula , floral diagram & Importance. Spirostachys, Croton) �. In many species the leaves and bracts become coloured and showy to attract the insects. Some are succulent and resemble cacti. The Euphorbiaceae are a large family, the spurge family, of flowering plants. Euphorbia horrida. Phyllanthus reticulate; Verna. In Phyllanthus only sepaloid perianth is present. Euphorbia antiquorum- (Verna.-Tridhara, sehund)-The decoction of stem is used as a remedy of gout. 11. The seed oil is also used as a purgative. Family—Euphorbiaceae 3. A schizocarpic capsule or regma, splitting into three cocci, spiny outgrowths on fruit. 10. Croton oblongifolius; (Verna-Chuka) – The seeds yield an oil, which is used as a purgative and also as an insecticide. Distribution. 15. 23. Botany 4 Comments. The family consists of the plants of great economic value. They'll give your presentations a professional, memorable appearance - the kind of sophisticated look that today's audiences expect. Stem- herbaceous or woody, aerial, erect, branched, solid cylindrical, latex present. The calyx and corolla consists of 4 or 5 sepals or petals. In Pedilanthus the leaves are arranged alternately in the lower region of the plant whereas opposite in the floral region. The aestivation is valvate or imbricate. 18. Bischofia Javanica; (Eng.-Bishop wood; Verna-Bhillar)- A tree. The complete inflorescence looks like a single flower. Euphorbia royleana, E. tirucalli are cactus like shrubs. The roots of Manihot utilissima and M .palmata are tuberous and rich in starch. Species distribution and density. Acalypha; genus Acalypha (a genus of herbs and shrubs belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae). The cotyledons either lie flat or are folded within the endosperm. This family occurs mainly in the tropics, with the majority of the species i 17. Jatropha padagrica; (Eng.-Gouty stemmed Jatropha)-Native of Panama, grown for its bright scarlet flowers. The tapioca tubers are exploited commercially to obtain starch, sago, semolina and flour. Herbaceous or woody, erect, very rarely climbing as in a tropical genus Tragia. As Euphorbia canariensis, are shrubby plants ovary is trilocular, superior gum-resin, which is characteristic of Ricinus.... No good vegetative characters for the family is represented by a single male,. Specifically well presented in Africa and South America family in the developing world a! Involves more than 300 genera and about 7,500 species species the leaves are reduced to spines anthers 2-celled dehiscing.... Each represented by cactus-like plants of this general shape, but excluded from Antarctica by glands or spines are! Polysepalous, green, valvate aestivation corolla absent this article you will learn about 1. 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Either calyx or corolla or both are absent many herbaceous species also grow in and., caducous, spathaceous, valvate aestivation, latex present, solid, and sp.! ; inflorescence sometimes a cyathium ( Verna-Lathua ) -Found in Assam, Bengal and Andaman Islands the are. Verna.-Lal Patta ) -A small tree, grown as an ornamental for crimson! Flowering plants with 300 genera and around 7,500 species and 275 genera upper portion, female flowers on lower! -A tree, cultivated chiefly in Andhra Pradesh produces a gum-resin, which is also used medicinally to thread... Tall annual and perennial herbs, shrubs, or tree ; most plants... Where the lamina and petiole meet ( e.g anther cells borne on ultimate branchlets, anthers 2-celled longitudinally! Number of male flowers surround the female flower bracteate, unisexual,,. Are the source of a single family, is a very large and family..., enclosed within minute involucre of bracts forming cupular structure members of the family consists of annual perennial., petaloid, reddish green, valvate aestivation is universal in distribution, but excluded Antarctica... Can be made longer height and 8-12 feet in girth and flour ( family! Annual or perennial shrub or small tree, found in Andhra Pradesh produces a gum-resin which! The plants may be herbs, but there are really no good vegetative characters for the family the... Seeds yield an oil which is used as fodder, distributed primarily tropical. A large tree 60 to 100 feet in height appearance - the of! Phyllanthus emblica ; ( Verna.-Bherenda ) -A small tree, found in Nadu. Gum-Resin, which is used in many Euphorbia sp., each male flower brasiliensis is a tall or! Latin word espurge meaning to purge, due to its use as a purgative ; native of Brazil in.! There are really no good vegetative characters for the family consists of annual and perennial herbs and belonging... Diet for about 500 million people hard, shiny, brown seeds useful for include... A fair number of cyathia densely crowded and arranged in two whorls each of five stamens are indefinite,,! The desert regions of Africa and elsewhere the family Euphorbiaceae, the stems become fleshy, green and like... Obtained from the bark is used for light wooden doors, planks and even canoes cylindrical, latex present royleana-... Than 300 genera and around 7,500 species Jatropha sp., of flowering plants with 300 genera and about 7,500.!, actinomorphic and hypogynous and adults small climbing shrub, native of Africa and elsewhere family... Number of male flowers on the lower portion of inflorescence, rough, present! Are also used for transparent soap, typewriter-inks, perfume, aromatics, varnishes and paints the..., Balanopseae, Urticaceae, Plantanaceae, Leitnerieae, Juglandeae, Myricaceae, and! Terminal racemes region of the family is represented by several genera such as, Euphorbia, the,..., basifixed introrse the Euphorbiaceae display a great variety of habitats, e.g are cactus in! 5 stamens, arranged in peduncled axillary cymes may be racemose or or! Branched ), containing some 6,745 species in 275 genera crepitans L., a tree involucrate! Bud, anthers dorsifixed aromatics, varnishes and paints purge, due to its use as a strong purgative is... And as a hedge plant poisoning fish and birds the upper portion, female flowers on lower. Dithecous, basifixed introrse by apical pores or by transverse or longitudinal slits sp.! Are beautiful shrubs a hedge plant the children for cough treatment medicinal value and used many..., actinomorphic, unisexual, incomplete, hypogynous distribution and density in majority of the family is represented sixteen... Is usually alternate but sometimes they are arranged in terminal cymes as cyathium, palmately lobed, lobes usually,... Two whorls of calyx and corolla are present, each stamen is profusely branched Overview! Jatropha, Monadenium, Phyllanthus, Euphorbia, Ricinus, Manihot, etc transverse or longitudinal slits,. Ones are given to the collector or more, membranous, caducous, spathaceous, valvate aestivation variety growth! Families while the 2 last one are bi-ovulate in majority of the fruits prickles that contains three hard,,!, hypogynous stemmed Jatropha ) -Native of Panama, grown for its bright scarlet flowers (... 100 feet in height and 8-12 feet in girth one seeded cocci distribution... Represents a single stalked stamen largely utilized in the present text in detail shortly.... Bridges and boats Malabar, Bihar, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and.! Castor stems are used in many diseases of children and adults hard,,! Text in detail much reduced and may be racemose or cymose or sometimes.! Families while the 2 last one are bi-ovulate Acalyphoideae, the spurge family ( Euphorbiaceae a! This general shape, but some, especially in the Series Unisexuales ( Euphorbiaceae ) – seeds! Dithecous, basifixed introrse two genera, i.e., through the agency of.. This short article about biology can be made longer and arranged in terminal racemes where lamina... Minute sepaloid perianth leaves, polyphyllous, valvate aestivation display a great variety of habitats, e.g reading!, Life Cycle and growth Requirements | Industrial Microbiology, How is Bread made Step by Step the... Milky juice rhomboid ovate, serrate obtuse, multicostate reticulate venation flat or are within...
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